Saxon life in Middle Age St Neots after the Romans leave
The name of Eynesbury on the east side of the river is derived from the name of a Saxon settler who moved into the now abandoned roman camp on the river crossing. There are various spellings of his name Ernulf, Eynulf or Aunulf, added to the Anglo-Saxon word for a fortified place, burgh or byrig, giving us its modern spelling of Eynesbury, indicating its continued inhabitancy once the Romans had left, along with Eaton on the west side of the river. The Anglo-Saxon word for water is 'ea' and 'tun' meant a farm or small settlement, modern day spelling Eaton.
The Anglo-Saxons were settlers, prepared to defend their individual areas with set boundaries, along with their religion, Christianity. They sub-divided the large counties into smaller administrative and judicial areas called Hundreds, these small areas where still recognised as sub-divisions of a county into the 1900s.